Everything You Need to Know About 111 GO in Hyderabad
What is GO 111?
The government of the undivided Andhra Pradesh, in 1996, issued an order (GO 111) that forbade the establishment of industries and other structures within a 10 kilometre radius of the Himayatsagar and Osmansagar tanks. The GO 111 rules also mandated that hotels and residential structures should not be constructed near the 84 listed villages in six mandals, namely Shamshabad, Moinabad, Shabad, Shankarpalli, Rajendranagar and Chevella. This order was put in place in order to protect the catchment areas, covering around 1.30 lakh acres, spread over 84 villages
However, in March 2022, the Telangana government proposed to scrap GO 111 that was meant to protect these two reservoirs in Hyderabad. The activists and environmentalists are criticizing the state government for withdrawing an order that had been issued over two decades ago to protect the reservoirs in Hyderabad. They claim that this will destroy the delicate ecosystem around the reservoirs.
Why was GO 111 dissolved?
According to Telangana Chief Minister K Chandrashekar Rao, the city no longer depends on these two reservoirs for water supply, and therefore, there was no need to continue with the restrictions on development in the catchment radius. Hyderabad’s drinking water requirement has increased to more than 600 million gallons per day (MGD), which is being drawn from other sources including the Krishna river; water from the two reservoirs only amounts to 1 percent of the daily requirement.
In April 2022, the government issued GO Ms. No.69, which removed the restrictions that were imposed in 1996 to protect the water catchment areas of the Himayat and Osman Sagar reservoirs. These reservoirs were the main sources of drinking water for Hyderabad during that period. The State government has decided to remove the restrictions imposed under paragraph 3 of GO 111, provided that the water quality of these two reservoirs is not impacted in any manner and all necessary measures will be taken to improve their water quality.
To ensure that the water quality of the two reservoirs is maintained at a high level, various measures have been taken to prevent the flow of treated water into these reservoirs. These include the establishment of decentralised treatment plants and the construction of diversion channels.
The government also proposes to establish large green zones throughout the area, which will remain free of any development. The committee will recommend ways to create infrastructure in the area, especially the laying of roads and drainage pipelines, without causing too much damage.
After the dissolution of GO 111, land rates soared in GO applicable 84 villages especially those in the vicinity of Hyderabad and have seen sharp increase in the land prices. The present values in these areas range from Rs 5 crore to Rs 10 crore per acre and are likely to double the near future.
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